Your Health Matters, with Sister Makhaye
What Is Testicular Cancer?
Many people may be asking themselves about what Testicular Cancer is and how it affects one’s life. This type of cancer is the most common malignancy in 15 to 45 years old males. The vast majority (95%) of testicular cancer develops from the germinal cells of the testes.
The incidence of testicular cancer shows marked variation among different countries, races and socio-economic groups. The disease is most common in Scandinavia, and rare in Africa. Carcinoma in situ (CIS) is believed to be the precursor of cancer. Men with undescended testicles have a 5 –10 times increased risk of developing testicular cancer, compared to the general population. Five percent of patients who have had testicular cancer develop a second cancer on the other side.
Testicular cancer typically presents with a painless lump in the testes. Left untreated, the tumour cells can spread via the lymphatic pathways to the retroperitoneal glands around the aorta at the level of the kidneys. It can also later spread via the blood stream to the lungs, liver, bone and the brain (metastasis). Most patients have the disease confined to the testes or the regional lymph glands at presentation.
read more | 07-11-14